Sri Lanka 2020 | Travel Video

Sri Lanka and Maldives Travel Video ( 2020 )

Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait.
Proximity to the Indian subcontinent has facilitated close cultural interaction between Sri Lanka and India from ancient times. At a crossroads of maritime routes traversing the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka has also been exposed to cultural influences from other Asian civilizations.
Later European mapmakers called it Ceylon, a name still used occasionally for trade purposes. It officially became Sri Lanka in 1972.
The distinctive civilization of Sri Lanka, with roots that can be traced back to the 6th century BCE, is characterized by two factors: the preservation of Theravada Buddhism (the orthodox school of Buddhism having its literary traditions in the Pali language) and the development over two millennia of a sophisticated system of irrigation in the drier parts of the country. This civilization was further enriched by the influences of Hinduism and Islam.
Sri Lankaโ€™s natural vegetation covers about one-third of the total land area.
Ethnic, religious, and linguistic distinctions in Sri Lanka are essentially the same. Three ethnic groupsโ€”Sinhalese, Tamil, and Muslimโ€”make up more than 99 percent of the countryโ€™s population,
Among the principal ethnic groups, language and religion determine identity. While the mother tongue of the Sinhalese is Sinhalaโ€”an Indo-Aryan languageโ€”the Tamils speak the Dravidian language of Tamil. Again, while more than 90 percent of the Sinhalese are Buddhists, both Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils are overwhelmingly Hindu.

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