Jamab Dance Vadavalli
Thudumbu and Thudumbattam are played at temple festivals in and around Coimbatore.
Thudumbu belongs to the Kovai (Coimbatore) region. It is also known as kidumutti, thidumam, uruti and chera thudumbu.
The origin of the name thudumbu has been attributed to the Thudumbars, a tribal community living in Pollachi, Mettupalayam, Karamadai, Nilgris and Kovai areas. It is learnt that the members of this community used to serve and entertain the Chola, Chera and the Pandya kings and feudal lords,who went for ‘vana bhojana’ in the forests. The thudumbu was also played to chase away the wild animals.
According to another theory, thudumbu was introduced by the Vijayanagar empire and Thudumbattam became popular in Coimbatore and nearby areas.
The bowl-shaped thudumbu that resembles the bayan of the tabla is made of mud. Its single face is covered with skin and connected with chords to the bottom of the instrument. It is either hung over the waist of the performer and played or held between the legs and played with two sticks.
Thudumbu is played at the temples of Mariamman, Pechiamman, Madurai Veeran, Annanmar, Palani, Marudhamalai and at the Karamadai Aranganathar temple. This instrument can be heard during the Veedi Ula. It is an integral part of temple festivities, including Makaliamman Festival at Krishnapuram Pudur. It seems that in the Kovai region no tiruvizha is complete without the performance of the thudumbu.
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